Social Empowerment of Women: The most critical aspect of social empowerment of women is the promotion of gender equality. Gender equality implies that in society women and men enjoy the same opportunities, outcomes, rights and obligations in all spheres of life.
Women Empowerment: It’s Meaning and Why Is It Important
Educational Empowerment of Women: It means enabling women to grab the knowledge, skills, and self-confidence necessary to participate fully in the development process. Giving preference to the girl child for educational opportunities is a start. Economic and Occupational Freedom: It means reducing the financial dependence of women on their male counterparts by making them a significant part of the human resource. A better quality of material life, within the family as well as for the overall society, can be achieved through promotion of sustainable livelihoods like cottage industries, small entrepreneurial efforts owned and managed by women.
Empowerment Through Legal Knowledge: Not only does it suggest the provision of an effective legal structure which is supportive of women empowerment, there also is the need to spread awareness among women about their legal rights and laws preventing their exploitation. It means addressing the gaps between what the law prescribes and what actually occurs.
Political Empowerment of Women: The existence of a political system encouraging the participation of women in the political decision-making process and in governance. Indian constitution has provided the bulwarks for gender equality in the country in the following articles Article 51 A e — One of the duties of every citizen is to renounce practices derogatory to the dignity of woman. Government Laws and its subsequent amendments have seen larger inclusion of women with respect to their standing in the society.
The Hindu Succession Amendment Act stating that women get equal share in the ancestral property or the Equal remuneration Act, , has contributed towards a better footing in the society. The Dowry prohibition Act, , Child marriage prohibition Act, , The indecent representation of women prohibition Act, and the Hindu marriage Act, , preventing polygamy and bigamy, and their strict enforcements has to a large extent contributed towards lessening women exploitation. Various government schemes like Rastriya Mahila Kosh and STEP Support to training cum Employment for women have managed to bring financial development of rural women through self-sustainable employment.
India’s Shame: Women’s Rights – The Diplomat
The recent Beti Bachao and Beti Padhao scheme as well as the SABLA scheme has been aimed at reducing female infanticide and promoting the importance of educating the girl child. A number of councils and bodies have been established for the well-being of women such as the National Commission for Women, Department of Women and Child Development and the Parliamentary Committee on Empowerment of Women which has reviewed various laws and recommended amendments.
The National Policy for Empowerment of Women is aimed at addressing all forms of violence against women including physical, mental and that arising from customs and traditions.
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The need of the hour is an egalitarian society, where there should be no place for gender superiority. Aim of Government policies should be to identify and eliminate forces that are directed towards keeping the tradition of male dominance over its female counterpart alive. Many of them are even unaware of the fact that they are eligible for positions that men enjoy. The result is that the economy of the country is skewed due to underutilization of available human resources.
Women are generally considered less competent, both intellectually as well as physically as compared with men. As a result the opportunities extended towards them become biased and obtrusive without actual evaluation of their competencies. While scientific data proclaims women to be more adept at multi-tasking than men, they still remain the second choice for employers in the country. In major parts of India as well as the world, women are still denied basic education and are never allowed to pursue higher education despite possessing the acumen needed.
This colossal waste of talent is definitely holding economies backward.
Women empowerment in its actuality is synonymous with complete development of the society. An educated woman, with knowledge about health, hygiene, cleanliness is capable of creating a better disease-free environment for her family. A shared source of income is much more likely to uplift the quality of life than a single income household and more often than not helps the family come out of poverty trap. Women aware of their legal rights are less likely to be victims of domestic violence or other forms of exploitations.
Their inherent aptitude towards organization and well-rounded maintenance of home makes them uniquely suited for political and civil leadership roles. First, gender equality is a moral imperative whether you're in government, business, non-governmental organisations NGOs or research institutions — it's simply the 'right thing to do'. Gender bias is still deeply embedded in cultures, economies, political and social institutions around the world.
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Women and girls face unacceptable levels of discrimination and abuse, which is not only wrong, but also prevents them from playing a full part in society and decision-making. More organisations need to understand and address internal imbalances and proactively seek to do so in delivering their business.
Barbara Stocking, former chief executive of Oxfam GB, writes in the book: "Leadership from the top is essential but the values of gender equality have to permeate the whole organisation. Secondly, women are key managers of natural resources and powerful agents of change.
Nidhi Tandon's research with rural women in Liberia and Fatima Jibrell's work in Somalia show how women are often more directly dependent on natural resources, with responsibility for the unpaid work of securing food, water, fuel and shelter for their household. Women are more vulnerable to environmental degradation and climate change but also have different perspectives, concerns and ideas for change.
Until these are taken on board, with women empowered to play a full part in decision-making at all levels, environmental sustainability will remain a distant goal.
Yet women's empowerment must not mean simply adding to their burdens of responsibilities or building expectations of women as 'sustainability saviours'. Diane Elson, an adviser to UN Women, argues in her contribution that "the disproportionate responsibility that women bear for carrying out unpaid work is an important constraint on their capacity to realise their rights Both women and men need time to care for their families and communities, and time free from such care.
This leads us to the third reason for integrating women's empowerment into sustainable development, and it reaches deeper down to the underlying causes of both issues: in most societies and economies, women's unpaid work and nature's services are not accounted for and therefore not valued properly in our economic, political or social systems.
Julie Nelson argues that "Women and nature are largely invisible in mainstream economics One would search in vain in the core models of economics for any inkling of where the materials used in production came from, or where the waste goes When considered at all, women and nature are treated as passive 'resources'.
Parallels between the treatment of women and nature are no coincidence, but have an ancient history in mythology and religion, with powerful concepts such as 'Mother Earth'. Nelson and others argue that this encourages unhelpful perceptions of women and nature as endlessly re productive and nurturing.
She argues: "They are assumed to possess an infinite capacity for self-maintenance and self-regeneration".